QUESTION: Father, why do you give communion under both bread and wine?
ANSWER: Many biblical scholars give very long-winded scholarly answers to this question whereas I will attempt to give you a simple response, which should sufficiently answer your question.
In John 6:54-56 Jesus said; “Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in them.” Notice hear Jesus say’s not once but twice, “whoever eats and drinks as eternal life.” Jesus did not say whoever eats “or” drinks, Jesus said whoever eats “and” drinks indicating that both species should be given.
We also see in 1 Corinthians 11:28-29 “Everyone ought to examine themselves before they eat of the bread and drink from the cup. For those who eat and drink without discerning the body of Christ eat and drink judgment on themselves.” Again, it is written twice “eat and drink”, indicating both.
Suffice it to say, even though Jesus is present in both the Bread and wine individually, we elect to obey Jesus’ instruction and distribute the Blessed Sacrament under both species by intinction.